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The Appalachian Food Movement: History, Chefs & Restaurants

As long as there have been humans in the Appalachian mountains, there has been Appalachian cooking.

In an era when buzzwords like “locavore,” “farm-to-table,” and “foraged” are popping up on restaurant menus from New York to Los Angeles, even when the dishes themselves are a pastiche of national food trends, it’s comforting to know that there are still some truly hyper-local foodways that are inextricable from their place of origin.

Appalachian cuisine is one of these regional oddities, preserved in part by the isolation of many mountain communities, by the unpretentious nature of many Appalachian dishes, and because many of the tradition’s most iconic ingredients aren’t found anywhere else. And although many foodies have only just discovered this offshoot of Southern cooking, Appalachian cuisine has a long, rich history as old as, well, the hills.

Smoked meats, fish, corn, beans, and foraged vegetables like mushrooms, muscadines, ramps, poke, sumac, berries, ginseng, chestnuts, plantain, artichokes, and dandelions were all known to indigenous tribes from north Georgia to Pennsylvania. Dishes like poke sallet, succotash, and cornbread all have roots in Cherokee, Seneca, and Iroquois cooking. Even country ham’s time-honored place in Appalachian cuisine is rooted in trade between indigenous peoples and Spanish settlers, with hogs making their way up old Indian roads from Florida to New England.

With European immigrants came not just ham, but other flavors and techniques for preserving the bounty found in forests from the Great Smoky Mountains to the northern Allegheny.

German immigrants, for example, swapped the cabbage in their beloved sauerkraut for pickled onions, string beans, and chow chow. Canning gave rise to all manner of fruit preserves. And European distillation techniques provided a means to turn humble corn into white lightening— especially when Prohibition meant bootlegging moonshine could pad many families’ paychecks.

The practicality and affordability of those ingredients helped protect the integrity of Appalachian foodways over the centuries. These dishes and flavors were often overlooked, deemed unsophisticated in comparison to, say French haute cuisine or modern dishes that relied on canned goods, refined flour, or pricy imports like pimentos. The very poverty of many Appalachian communities helped keep their beloved foods one of the best-kept secrets in the country.

Indeed, it’s easy to forget that Southern staples like biscuits and pimento cheese were once pricey status symbols, achievable only if you had the money to spend on things like white flour, butter, and mayonnaise, not to mention refrigeration and hired help to fuss over kneading and proofing dough. Appalachian cooks stuck to what they had always been able to find not on store shelves, but in their own backyards and hollers, even as cooks across the country embraced (or, in the case of early food stamp recipients, had little choice but to utilize) shortcuts like canned soups, gelatins, and frozen produce.

Even today, Appalachian cuisine is something like a time capsule, harkening back to a time when eggs were pickled, not deviled, when turkey was served not just on Thanksgiving, but whenever a wild gobbler wandered too close to a hunter’s blind, and when rough-ground cornmeal made on your neighbor’s mill was more widely available than flour. This is the stuff of hunting season, woodland walks, and smokehouses, a truly forest-to-skillet cuisine that requires no formal training, just an instinct for inventively making use of whatever’s on hand.

Born & Bred in Appalachia


Mark Oldham purchases The Historic Stonefort Inn and conceptualizes a restaurant featuring new Appalachian Cuisine.

Stone Fort Inn

December 12, 2012

TerraMae Appalachian Bistro opens in Chattanooga, TN.

February 14, 2013

Chef Shelley D. Cooper joins team as Executive Chef.

Chef Shelley Cooper

Summer 2013

“Appalachian Therapy” Cocktail Hour rolls out at StoneFort Inn.

Summer 2014

TerraMae Appalachian Farm produces first season of produce grown by Sharon Oldham.

Fall 2014

Mark Oldham purchases Dancing Bear Lodge in Townsend, TN & conceptualizes a second restaurant featuring Elevated Appalachian Cuisine.
Dancing Bear Grounds

Fall 2014

Mark Oldham purchases Apple Valley Mountain Village.
Apple Valley Mountain Village

January 2015

Ground Breaking Ceremony for New Dancing Bear Appalachian Bistro.

May 2, 2015

Appalachian Pig Pickin’ Food Festival / Block Party at TerraMae Appalachian Bistro in Chattanooga.

August 21, 2015

Dancing Bear Appalachian Bistro Opens.
Dancing Bear Appalachian Bistro

September 2015

Chef Shelley is 1 of 4 chefs participating in the 2nd Annual Appalachian Food Summit in Abingdon, VA.

Fall 2015

Stonefort Inn and TerraMae Appalachian Bistro are sold, but the Appalachian Restaurant Concept continued under new ownership through 2017.

Summer 2016

Dancing Bear Appalachian Garden produces first season of produce grown by Sharon Oldham.
Sharons Garden

June 4, 2016

First Smoky Mountain Music Festival with Elevated Appalachian Festival Food & Music on the Lawn at Dancing Bear Event Center.
First Smoky Mountain Music Festival

August 2016

1st Annual Bacon at the Bear Celebrating Appalachian Cuisine with Travis Melton, Ryan Kline, Jeff Carter & Renee Merritt.


Chef Shelley featured in Victuals, An Appalachian Journey by Ronni Lundy, James Beard Winner.
Victuals Shelley Cooper Book

January 2017

An Evening with Ronni Lundy at Dancing Bear Appalachian Bistro.

February 2017

Root Bound – Sip. Savor. Jam Appalachia.

March 23, 2017

Dancing Bear is featured in The South’s 38 Essential Restaurants – Eater.com.

November 2017

Dancing Bear Appalachian Bistro and Executive Chef Shelley featured on The Travel Channel’s “Food Paradise.”

May 2018

Guest Chef at Collective Spirit Private Wine Dinner to benefit The Bascom Center for the Visual Arts, Highlands, NC.

Summer 2018

Old Fashioned Smokehouse is built out of cinder block and black walnut wood.
Old Fashioned Smokehouse

August 2018

Dancing Bear Appalachian Bistro and Chef Shelley are featured on Cooking Channel’s “Southern & Hungry” Season 2, Episode 3, Smoky Mountain Majesty.

September 2018

Chef Shelley’s Kilt Greens Doused With Delicious Bacon Fat featured in Wall Street Journal.

October 2018

Guest Chef at Honor Louis Osteen, Highlands, NC.

January 2019

Dancing Bear Appalachian Bistro wins Trip Advisor’s Top 25 Most Romantic Restaurants.
Romantic Restaurant

May 2019

Chef Shelley’s New Ambrosia Salad featured in Garden & Gun.

September 2019

Shelley is featured chef at the Chow Chow Festival in Nashville, TN.

November 2019

Guest Chef at Highlands Food & Wine Festival.

February 2020

Matt Burk joins the Dancing Bear Appalachian Bistro family as Bistro General Manager and certified sommelier.

Matt Burk Certified Sommelier

August 2020

The Appalachian Bistro celebrated the completion of the Bar at the Bear as well as a kitchen storage expansion – The newly expanded bar now boasts a temperature-controlled 300+ bottle wine storage room and walk-in cooler as well as expanded bar space and seating.

Newly Expanded Bar

Bar at the Bear

July 2021

Dancing Bear Lodge & Appalachian Bistro welcomes Jeff Carter as Executive Chef of Culinary Operations

Jeff Carter Executive Chef

December 2021

Dancing Bear’s Appalachian cuisine touted in Conde Naste Traveler

Condé Nast Traveler Logo

Meet Executive Chef Jeff Carter

Appalachian Bistro Executive Chef Jeff Carter

Chef Carter returned to Dancing Bear Lodge & Appalachian Bistro in the Summer of 2021 as the Executive Chef of the Bistro as well as the Oldham Hospitality Group. Jeff is excited to again dive into his passion of regionally refined Appalachian cuisine in beautiful Townsend, Tennessee. Learn his story and where he draws inspiration.

Mike Costello & Amy Dawson

Ian Boden

John Fleer

Travis Milton

Ashley Capps

Sean Brock

Christopher Huerta

Ryan Kline

Kent Graham

Chef Alex Gass

Chef Erik Hoover

Renee Merritt